FIRE PUMP SYSTEMS

   

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Emergencies seldom give warning before they strike.  Thus, it is essential that fire protection equipment be inspected, tested, and maintained to be certain it is operable at all times.  To accomplish this, management must establish an effective fire protection equipment inspection program that meets the minimum requirements of the guidelines set forth in NFPA 25.
 
Fire pump equipment, like all other equipment, deteriorates with time.  It is also vulnerable to external influences such as corrosive environments, tampering, accidental damages, and careless use.  Further, since fire pump equipment is used infrequently, it must be inspected and tested regularly to determine its condition, its operability, and its need for routine maintenance.  Detecting an unsatisfactory condition prior to an emergency is far better than discovering it during the emergency.



 
DIESEL ENGINE
Weekly Observations
 
     Pump Enclosure
Pump room is adequately heated (Above 40°F)
Ventilation louvers free to operate

     Pump Conditions
Pump suction and discharge and bypass valves are fully open
Inspect for piping leaks
Pressure gages reading normal
Suction reservoir full, if applicable

     Diesel Engine Condition
Fuel tank two-thirds full
Controller selector switch in the AUTO position
Batteries voltage reading normal 
Batteries charging current reading normal
Batteries pilot lights on 
No alarm lights on
Engine running time meter reading
Oil Level in right angle gear drive normal
Crankcase oil level normal
Cooling water level normal
Electrolyte level in batteries normal
Battery terminals free from corrosion
Water-Jacket Heater Operation
Weekly Tests
Observe time for engine to crank
Observe time for engine to reach running speed
Record any abnormalities

 
 
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Weekly Pump Observations
 
     Pump Enclosure
Pump room is adequately heated (Above 40°F)
Ventilation louvers free to operate

     Pump Conditions
Pump suction and discharge and bypass valves are fully open
Inspect for piping leaks
Pressure gages reading normal
Suction reservoir full, if applicable

     Electrical System
Controller pilot light (power on) illuminated
Transfer switch normal illuminated
Isolation switch closed
Reverse phase alarm pilot light off

Oil Level sight glass normal



Weekly Tests
 

     Pump
Operate the pump for a minimum of 20 minutes against a closed system
Record suction and discharge pressures
Check for unusual noise, vibration or leaking
     Electrical System
Observe time for engine to reach full speed
Record any abnormalities
To request a NFPA 25 Fire Pump Inspection training call (855)332-6639.
 

 
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